Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is a complete or nearly complete blockage of one or more coronary arteries. The blockage, typically present for at least three months, is caused by a buildup of plaque within a coronary artery. When this happens, blood flow to the heart is compromised.
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The MitraClip procedure is used to treat patients who have symptoms because of mitral regurgitation. The MitraClip procedure does not require opening the chest or temporarily stopping your heart (cardiopulmonary bypass). Instead, doctors access your heart through a vein in your leg to repair your mitral valve. The MitraClip procedure may be an option for patients with mitral regurgitation who are too sick for surgery or considered too high risk.
The mitral valve controls the flow of blood going in one direction from the lungs to the body. If the valve does not close properly, or open completely, the heart may have to work twice as hard to do its job, which can lead to life threatening heart conditions. Frankel Cardiovascular Center heart doctors offer advanced mitral valve treatments that can't be found at other hospitals because of U-M's involvement in clinical trials.
Treatment options for mitral valve disease include medication therapy, open-heart surgery, and minimally invasive procedures, both surgical and transcatheter. Performing these repairs early in the disease process before a patient's mitral valve disease progresses into advanced heart conditions such as congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and pulmonary hypertension is our top priority.
We have performed over 1,250 TAVRs (the most in Michigan) and are among the top programs in the country for heart valve experience.